Patient Education

Online Dental Education Library

Our team of dental specialists and staff strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your teeth and gums. Please use our dental library to learn more about dental problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, contact us.

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Better Dental Hygiene Means a Healthier Heart
...Dental plaque is a film of bacteria that settles on your teeth near the gum line every day...

Your Cure for Bad Breath
...But the solution may also be as simple as demonstrating how to effectively remove bacterial plaque from your teeth, or offer instruction on proper tongue cleaning...

Diabetics, Watch Out for a Hidden Enemy: Gum Disease
... Periodontal disease (from “peri”, meaning around and “odont”, meaning tooth), is caused by dental plaque — a film of bacteria that settles on your teeth and gums every day...

Are You at Advanced Risk for Gum Disease?
...The longer plaque (a film of bacteria that collects on your teeth and gums) is allowed to stay in contact with your gums, the more you are at risk for periodontal disease...

What Can A Deep Cleaning Do For Gum Disease?
Gum or periodontal disease is a condition in which “biofilms” or dental bacterial plaque sticks to teeth around the gum line in the absence of good oral hygiene...

Learn the Signs of Periodontal Disease
...The usual cause of bleeding gums is an accumulation of dental plaque in the areas where your teeth meet your gums...

Rate Your Oral Hygiene
...This is an important question, because a healthy mouth depends on regularly removing dental plaque (a whitish, sticky film of bacteria that grows near your gumline and on the surfaces of your teeth)...

Frequently Asked Questions About Heart and Gum Diseases
...Over time and when bacterial biofilms (dental plaque) are left unchecked, they lead to the emergence of a small set of highly pathogenic (“patho” – disease; “genic” – causing) organisms that are consistently associated with periodontitis (“peri” – gum; “odont” – tooth; “itis” – inflammation) or gum disease...

Gum Disease: A "Silent" Problem You Shouldn't Ignore
... The root cause of periodontal disease — actually, a group of related diseases, all of which affect the tissues surrounding the teeth — is the buildup of bacterial plaque (also referred to as biofilm) around the gums...

Taking Care of your Teeth During Pregnancy Helps Both you and your Baby
...It's important then to practice good dental hygiene during your pregnancy: brushing your teeth at least twice a day with an American Dental Association (ADA) approved fluoridated toothpaste, flossing and using an ADA approved mouth rinse that deters the buildup of plaque and the occurrence of gingivitis...

Bad Breath — Suffer No More
...In any case, treatments for mouth-related halitosis can include: A careful, at-home plaque control routine using dental floss and a special toothbrush designed to clean between teeth — nobody really knows how to properly clean without professional instruction; In-office and at-home tongue cleaning using a tongue scraper or brush; Instruction on how to properly clean your dentures; To treat underlying gum disease, periodontal therapy in the form of a deep cleaning, also known as scaling or root planing; and Extraction of wisdom teeth that exhibit debris-trapping gum tissue traps...

Gum Disease and You: A True-False Test
...But when oral hygiene (brushing and flossing) is lacking, these can build up in a dental plaque, or biofilm...

Taking a Coordinated Approach to Treating Diabetes and Periodontal Disease
... Periodontal (gum) disease describes a group of diseases caused by dental plaque, a whitish film that contains infection-causing bacteria...

Dental Implants and Natural Teeth: the Similarities and the Differences
... The main enemy of a properly fused implant is a bacterial infection known as “peri-implantitis” (“peri” – around; implant “itis” – inflammation), which starts when bacterial biofilm (plaque) is allowed to build up on implant-supported crowns...

What Causes Dental Discomfort?
... Here are some common sources of tooth sensitivity: Enamel erosion — typically caused by acidic beverages/food, regurgitation of stomach acids (due to gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD] or the eating disorder bulimia), or improper brushing Tooth decay — a sugary diet and poor dental hygiene may be contributing factors Tooth fracture or chipping due to tooth grinding (bruxism) or other trauma Gum recession due to age, improper tooth brushing, or gum disease Filling that needs repair or replacement Residual effects of recent dental work Some things you can try at home to minimize sensitivity include: Ease up on the toothbrush; a light touch is all that's needed to dislodge daily plaque build-up Try using fluoride-containing toothpaste like an ointment over the affected area (fluoride decreases fluid exchange from the oral environment to the nerve inside the tooth) Take a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen (use judiciously and according to the package insert guidelines) Discomfort related to recent dental work should resolve on its own; give it several weeks...

Replacing Missing Back Teeth Deserves a High Priority
...They also have a tendency to retain plaque, the main cause of gum disease...

Bone Loss Around Root Furcations Poses Treatment and Cleaning Challenges
...This loss is most likely due to periodontal (gum) disease, an inflammation arising from bacterial plaque on the teeth that hasn’t been removed through proper oral hygiene...

Top 5 Tips for Good Oral Hygiene
...Plus, when it comes to preventing periodontal (gum) disease, flossing may be even more important than brushing, since it can actually remove plaque (a bacterial film) from under the gums...

Warning Signs of Gum Disease
... Gum tissues usually bleed because of dental plaque buildup from poor oral hygiene practices...

Facts You Should Know About Gum Disease
... Dental plaque (Biofilms) — A bacterial film that forms on teeth at the gum line, and the reason we brush and floss...

Dental Hygienist - Your Partner in Preventing Disease and Maintaining Oral Health
...While daily brushing and flossing removes most of the bacterial plaque that causes dental disease and decay, harder deposits (tartar) will still form over time, especially in places your brush or floss can’t reach...

The Tale of the Toothworm
...These harmful plaque bacteria (along with many helpful microorganisms) live in the mouth, and build up on surfaces of the teeth when they aren’t cleaned properly...

Good Reasons to Consider Orthodontics - Even in Adulthood
...Besides difficulties with bacterial plaque removal (a must to avoid gum disease), a person with misaligned teeth can also encounter more defects involving bone and gum tissues like gum recession that can contribute to the progression of gum disease...

A "Silent" Disease Gets Recognition
...We use a number of methods to combat periodontal disease — including removing plaque bacteria, restoring healthy tissue, and educating people about how to maintain better oral hygiene at home...

Periodontal Surgery may be Needed to Halt Gum Disease and Encourage Healing
There’s only one way to effectively halt the progressive damage of periodontal (gum) disease — completely remove the bacterial plaque and hardened deposits (calculus) from above and below the gum line that are causing the infection...

Difficult or Not, Plaque Removal is Necessary for Stopping Gum Disease
...Caused primarily by bacterial plaque left on tooth surfaces from inefficient oral hygiene, gum disease can ultimately lead to tooth loss...

TV's Nate Berkus Discusses Dental Sealants, Fluoride Treatments and Flossing
...Simply put, to maintain optimal oral health, you must brush and floss properly so that you thoroughly remove the dental plaque...

Cosmetic Gum Surgery Can Restore Health as Well as Appearance to Gums
... In conjunction with plaque removal to stop gum disease and possibly other treatments like orthodontics to correct misaligned teeth, cosmetic gum surgery is used to rejuvenate lost gum tissues around teeth through tissue grafting...

Regular Cleanings Benefit Both Your Dental Health and Your Smile
...Performed by a dental hygienist or dentist, cleanings serve two purposes: to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened deposits of plaque) from tooth surfaces missed during daily brushing and flossing; and to remove stains that can dull your smile...

Beyonce Makes Flossing a Family Affair
...That way, you can be sure they’re learning the right techniques and keeping their teeth plaque-free, while making the experience challenging and fun...

Is Laser Treatment a Good Option for Controlling Gum Disease?
Although techniques for treating periodontal (gum) disease can vary, they all boil down to one objective: remove the bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that cause the infection...

You May Need Surgery to Repair the Damage of Gum Recession
... The most prominent cause, though, is periodontal (gum) disease, a bacterial infection triggered by plaque buildup on tooth surfaces due to poor oral hygiene...

Take Extra Dental Care Precautions While Undergoing Orthodontic Therapy
...Flossing can be difficult while wearing braces, but plaque removal from between teeth is necessary for healthier teeth and gums...

Sofia Vergara: 'Obsessed' With Oral Hygiene
...Calcified (hardened) dental plaque (tartar or calculus) can build up near the gum line over time — even if you brush and floss every day...

Keeping Gum Disease at Bay Could Help Your Overall Health
...Gum disease is caused by plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles that builds up on tooth surfaces due to a lack of daily brushing and flossing...

What's Causing Your Toothache? The Answer Determines Your Treatment
...Bacteria living in dental plaque, a thin film of food particles on tooth surfaces, infect the gums...

Actor David Ramsey Says: Don't Forget to Floss!
... Oral diseases such as tooth decay and periodontal disease often start when dental plaque, a bacteria-laden film that collects on teeth, is allowed to build up...

Help 'De-Stress' Your Child's Dental Visits with these Tips
...Not only will these visits reduce the amount of hidden or hard to reach bacterial plaque (the main source of dental disease), but they'll also boost the chances problems with teeth and gums are caught early and treated...

Any Time, Any Place: Cam Newton's Guide to Flossing
...Here are a few: It's well established that when plaque is allowed to build up on teeth, tooth decay and gum disease are bound to follow...

Look at Your Options for Saving a Tooth First Before Replacing it
...Caused by bacterial plaque, the gums around a tooth become infected and inflamed...

Not All Bacteria are Harmful to Oral Health
...Scientists have analyzed biofilm (plaque deposits on teeth) from the pre-industrial era before 1900 and compared it with modern biofilm samples...

Avoid These 4 Health Problems with One Simple Denture Practice
...Studies have found that people who continuously wear their dentures are more likely to have bacterial plaque and oral yeast than those that don't...

In Today's NFL, Oral Hygiene Takes Center Stage
...Others contain antibacterial ingredients; these can help control the harmful oral bacteria found in plaque — the sticky film that can build up on your teeth in between cleanings...

Use the Same Prevention Strategy to Defeat Tooth Decay and Gum Disease
...And, they're both triggered by oral bacteria found in dental plaque, a thin film of food particles built up on tooth and gum surfaces...

Why Dental Visits are a Smart Idea - Even on a Limited Budget
... There are good reasons for making room in your budget for regular dental cleanings and checkups: for one, dental cleanings coupled with your own daily hygiene help keep bacterial plaque, the main cause of dental disease, from causing gum disease or damage to the tooth surfaces...

Baseball's Francisco Lindor Shines as "Mr. Smile"
...Even if you are conscientious about brushing and flossing at home, you won’t be able to remove all of the disease-causing dental plaque that can hide beneath the gum line, especially if it has hardened into tartar, but we can do it easily in the office...

Not Crazy about Flossing? Try a Water Flosser
...Of course, manual power isn’t your only option—an electric or battery-powered toothbrush is a convenient and, for people with strength or dexterity issues, a necessary way to remove disease-causing plaque from tooth surfaces...

Expert Advice: Vivica A. Fox on Kissing and Oral health
...Brushing removes the sticky, bacteria-laden plaque that clings to your teeth and causes tooth decay and gum disease — not to mention malodorous breath...

Periodontal Surgery Allows us to Access Deep Surfaces for Plaque Removal
All treatments for periodontal (gum) disease focus on one goal — to remove any bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that are at the heart of the infection...

Brushing & Flossing with Braces
...” As they dissolve in the mouth, these dyes highlight plaque and food debris that brushing has missed...

Invisalign for Adults
...So please don't neglect to do this! You'll need to brush your teeth after every meal or snack so that food and plaque do not get trapped in the aligners, which could promote tooth decay and gum disease...

Orthodontic FAQs
... You do — in fact, it's more important than ever! Keeping teeth free of plaque (and potentially, decay) can be challenging when you're wearing braces...

Orthodontics & Dental Hygiene
... The major enemy of oral health is plaque...

How To Brush
... First, the reasons why: Brushing is an effective way to remove plaque — a sticky, bacteria-laden biofilm that clings stubbornly to your teeth...

How To Floss
...Flossing is probably your single most important weapon against plaque, the clingy bacterial biofilm that sticks to the surfaces of your teeth...

Interdental Cleaning Devices
...Yet proper cleaning of the interdental areas (the small spaces between teeth) is crucial — and here's why: Consistent brushing with fluoride toothpaste has been proven effective at removing dental plaque from the tooth's surfaces and making them more resistant to decay...

Mouthrinses
...As part of a regular program of oral hygiene, mouthrinses (which are sometimes called mouthwashes) can be effective at reducing plaque, controlling bad breath, and helping to prevent tooth decay and gum disease...

Oral Hygiene for Kids
... The primary route to good dental health is plaque removal...

Tips to Prevent Cavities
...This will remove dental plaque — a sticky film that harbors food particles and harmful bacteria...

Cosmetic Tooth Bonding
...First, the surface of the tooth to be bonded will be cleaned so it is plaque-free...

Crowns & Bridgework
...Be sure to brush and floss between all of your teeth — restored and natural — every day to reduce the buildup of dental plaque...

Porcelain Veneers
...This will remove dental plaque and ensure good gum tissue health around the veneers...

Tooth Decay Prevention
... If you've been in the dental office for routine visits, you're probably already familiar with the special tools dentists use to remove buildups of plaque (a bacterial biofilm) and tartar (a hardened deposit, also called calculus) from your teeth...

Fluoride & Your Child
...These bacteria congregate in dental plaque and feed on sugar that is not cleansed from your child's mouth...

Pregnancy & Your Child's Developing Teeth
...Read Article Pregnancy & Birth Control Pregnant women or those taking birth control pills can become prone to gum disease — a bacterial infection caused by a buildup of dental plaque...

Gum Grafting
... One is ineffective oral hygiene: This includes both inadequate brushing, which fails to remove dental plaque; and excessive brushing, which erodes the tissue...

Loose Teeth & Bite Problems
...The infection results from bacterial plaque that sits on your teeth in the absence of effective oral hygiene...

Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection caused by bacterial plaque, a thin, sticky layer of microorganisms (called a biofilm) that collects at the gum line in the absence of effective daily oral hygiene...

Oral Systemic Connection
...It has also been shown that the same strains of bacteria that are found in inflamed gum tissue may also appear in the arterial plaques of individuals suffering from CVD...

Periodontal (Gum) Disease
... Bad breath — It's very easy for plaque to collect in the spaces between the teeth, creating the perfect living conditions for bacteria that produce odorous, sulfur-containing compounds, resulting in bad breath...

Periodontal Flap Surgery
...This allows diseased tissue to be removed from inside the pocket, and provides access to the teeth's root surfaces for a thorough cleaning, which helps to eliminate harmful plaque and calculus (tartar)...

Professional Teeth Cleanings
...Essentially, it's because over time they tend to build up a layer of plaque (a sticky, bacteria-rich film) and hard deposits (called tartar, or calculus) that are very difficult to remove without special tools...

Ultrasonic Cleanings
...Over time, dental plaque (a naturally occurring bacterial biofilm) and stains build up on tooth surfaces...

Aging & Dental Health
...The disease is caused by plaque bacteria, which thrive on the sticky biofilm that clings to the surface of teeth when they aren't properly cleaned...

Diabetes & Oral Health
...While much depends on the individual situation, some typical procedures might include: scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning that removes plaque bacteria from teeth, both above and below the gum line); antibiotic therapy; and oral hygiene self-care instruction...

Dry Mouth
...Brush at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste; this will remove bacterial plaque and add minerals to strengthen your teeth...

Pregnancy, Hormones & Oral Health
...This makes gums more sensitive to the bacteria (and associated toxins) found in the sticky dental plaque that accumulates on teeth every day...

Preventive Dentistry
...There's just no substitute for physically removing disease-causing dental plaque and calculus (tartar) from your teeth — especially in hard-to-reach areas near the gum line...

Professional Teeth Cleanings
...Essentially, it's because over time they tend to build up a layer of plaque (a sticky, bacteria-rich film) and hard deposits (called tartar, or calculus) that are very difficult to remove without special tools...

Intra-Oral Camera
...It can also be used to give you a video tour of your entire mouth so that you can see things such as plaque deposits, decay, worn teeth, and broken or missing fillings...

Same-Day Crowns (CAD/CAM)
...Be sure to brush and floss between all of your teeth — restored and natural — every day to reduce the build-up of dental plaque...

Combined Root Canal & Gum Problems
...In this case, an infection that originated in the gums (commonly due to periodontal disease caused by a buildup of plaque) may have has traveled through small passageways called accessory canals, which are located in between a tooth's roots, or on the sides of the roots...

Cosmetic & General Dentistry
...Some individuals may need to see the dentist more often than others to stay on top of problems like plaque buildup and gum disease, but everyone should go at least once per year...

Oral Health
... What You Can Do to Stay Healthy One of the most important things you can do to safeguard your oral health is to maintain a daily oral hygiene routine that effectively removes plaque from your teeth...

Oral Hygiene
...This will help remove plaque, a bacteria-laden biofilm, from the surfaces of your teeth...

Periodontal Therapy
...There are very effective therapies to combat this, ranging from scalings (deep cleanings) that remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from beneath the gum line, to surgical repair of lost gum and bone tissue...